Immunology is a complex research area focused on the study of the immune system which protects against infection through various lines of defense. This defense is composed of innate immunity which is non-specific and includes physical barriers (e.g., skin, saliva) and cells (e.g., macrophages, neutrophils, basophils, mast cells).
If innate immunity does not clear the pathogen, the second line of defense is adaptive immunity. Adaptive immunity, or acquired immunity, is specific to the pathogen presented and involves antibodies which circulate in the body and bind specifically to the foreign antigen that stimulates their production. This binding inactivates the pathogen by blocking their ability to bind to receptors on the host cells and making it easier for phagocytic cells of the innate immune system to ingest them. SouthernBiotech offers an extensive selection of in-house produced and validated immunology antibodies to cell surface markers and cytokines for both innate and adaptive immunity research.